The hottest printing and packaging industry in Chi

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China's printing and packaging industry is full of problems

although China's printing and packaging industry has made remarkable achievements, on the whole, there are still many problems, which are specifically reflected in the following aspects:

1 The overall scale of the industry and enterprises is small, low-level repeated vicious competition is serious, and the average profits of the industry and enterprises are very low

in more than 90000 printing enterprises in China, only about 40000 enterprises have middle-aged sales of more than 5million yuan. The current situation of China's packaging and printing enterprises is "scattered, small and low" (scattered: enterprises are scattered, and the force value of technology driving the movement of the gauge rod is very small compared with it; scattered forces, production capacity and qualifications; small: the overall scale is small, the production capacity is small, and the market development ability is small; low: low production efficiency, low labor productivity, low utilization rate of new technology, and low reserve savings for enterprise development), This is a major obstacle to the sustainable development and improvement of China's packaging and printing industry. In developed countries, the packaging and printing industry has become one of the main industries of the national economy. Although China's packaging and printing industry can meet the needs of economic development, it is far from meeting the requirements. Many exquisite printing and high-end packaging are still lacking, and there is still a big gap compared with developing countries

2. The insufficient application and promotion of new technologies and the urgent need to improve the manufacturing level of domestic packaging and printing equipment have seriously affected the development of packaging and printing industry

in packaging and printing, new technologies such as direct plate making and digital printing are not widely used in packaging and printing enterprises; The high-end equipment required for packaging and printing, such as high-speed offset printing machine, high-speed gravure printing machine, direct plate making machine (CTP), satellite wide flexographic printing machine, high-speed commercial rotary machine, etc., cannot be handled in China: production, domestic packaging and printing equipment has low technical content, and there are few products with independent intellectual property rights, which cannot meet the needs of industry development

3. The development ability of new products and technologies is low, and the scientific research and technological development ability of the whole industry is weak

nationally, the scientific research and development forces and institutions engaged in packaging and related industries are quite weak, and there is no authoritative and real scientific research and development institution. The combination of "production, learning and research" is also not enough, so the achievement and talent are not prominent. The new technology, new product development and technological innovation of the whole industry have not formed a strong joint force

4. Some packaging products and packaging raw and auxiliary materials are in surplus, some materials are in shortage, and some rely on imports

packaging raw materials such as aluminum materials have unstable quality and high cost, and still need to be imported in large quantities. The output of paper and paperboard in China reached 37.8 million tons in 2002, ranking second in the world, but packaging and packaging printing still need to import million tons every year; The plates required for direct plate making basically rely on imports. Wood pallets and some wood packaging, such as the United States, have been banned from using wood packaging, but they have not attracted enough attention in China

5. The regional layout structure is unreasonable, and the phenomenon of "fast in the East and slow in the west, strong in the East and weak in the west" is obvious

the 12 western provinces, districts and cities account for 70.85% of the land area and 27.7% of the population. The western region of China is not only economically underdeveloped, but also the development of packaging and printing industry lags behind. The per capita GDP of the western region is about 67% of the national per capita GDP, while the output value of the packaging and printing industry in the western region accounts for only about 11% of the output value of the national packaging and printing industry, while the output value of the packaging and printing industry in the eastern region accounts for 70% of the output value of the whole packaging and printing industry. In particular, some western regions are still blank projects, and there is a phenomenon of repeated construction in the eastern region

6. The quality of labor force is not high, and there is a lack of professionals

the number of personnel engaged in specialized technology development is less than 0.6% of the number of employees; At present, there is a great shortage of high-level talents, senior economic management talents and higher professional and technical talents; Senior technicians with compound technology are even more scarce; For example, the captain of the high-speed rotary machine and multi-color offset press, and the special management personnel in the packaging industry are also extremely scarce, which not only seriously restricts the improvement and development of the overall quality of the packaging and printing industry, but also weakens the competitiveness with the international industry

7. Sustainable development, resource conservation and recycling of renewable resources have not attracted enough attention

renewable resources are closely related to environmental protection, and they are also important measures to realize the strategy of sustainable development. The current recycling rate of materials directly related to the packaging industry is not high, such as 38% of waste paper, 30% of waste plastic and 13% of waste glass (the global recycling rate of waste paper is about 44%, and the recycling rate of waste paper in the United States, Japan and other countries is%. If effective measures can be taken to strengthen the recycling work and improve the recycling rate, it will not only be conducive to the reuse of these vehicles designed to meet the requirements of the top standards, but also to the use of environmental protection, effectively protect the ecological environment and make due contributions to sustainable development

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